Disaster Preparedness: The Basics
If a major storm, flood, fire or other natural disaster is headed toward your area, your best defense is
to be adequately prepared ahead of time. Here is a series of useful tips on preparation activities that should occur before
a disaster strikes, and things to stock up on so that you will be prepared during the aftermath. .
DISASTER CHECKLIST & TIPS
FOR YOUR PETS
- Have a plan for evacuation to a shelter in case you are ordered to do so by local authorities. In the event of a natural
or man-made disaster, pets are NOT normally allowed inside emergency shelters for humans due to public health and safety
reasons. If you and your family need evacuation to a public shelter during a disaster, you must have planned in advance for
the care of your dog and cat. Check to see which shelters in your area will allow you to bring your pets. Such planning could
save your pets' life and make yours easier. The alternative, which may not always be wise, is to stay in your home with your
- Have a carrier available for each cat, clearly labeled with your name and address.
- Water for everyone in your household (enough for at least 7 days to use for drinking, cooking, pets and personal hygiene).
- Pet food. Canned food should preferably be in pop-top cans. Dry food should be stored in waterproof containers.
- Water bowls and dishes or paper plates for food.
- Litter. Have a sufficient supply on hand, and a litter scoop plus garbage bags.
- Medication, if necessary, in a sufficient quantity for a minimum of 7 days.
- Make sure they all either microchipped or have collars with ID (their name, your phone # and address) on them in case they
get loose during the storm. Have a picture of them on hand in case you have to go to shelters or post "missing" ads in your
neighborhood. "Missing" posters can even be printed ahead of the disaster, just in case they are needed in the aftermath.
- Protect important documents (registration certificates, pedigrees, vaccination certificates, etc.), photos, and keepsakes
in watertight containers/bags.
- Complete emergency care release form for your animals. Related Links:
- Tips for Keeping Your Dog or Cat Safe During a Disaster - CFA Disaster Relief Committee
- Emergency Care Release Form (PDF) - Code3 Associates
- Preparing You and Your Companion Animals for Disasters (PDF) - Humane Association of Georgia, Inc.
- Companion Animal Identification Sheet (PDF) - Humane Association of Georgia, Inc. Disaster Preparedness for Pet
Owners (PDF) - Louisiana Animal Planning Working Group
FOR YOUR FAMILY
- Have a plan for evacuation to a shelter in case you are ordered to do so by local authorities. Keep in mind that if you
have pets, they may not be allowed at some shelters and may have to remain in your home.
- Protect important documents (insurance policies, birth certificates, banking and credit card information, medical records),
photos, and keepsakes in watertight containers/bags.
- Create a family communications list, and copy it to all members of your family. Include home and work phone numbers,
your cell phone numbers, and numbers for a close friend as well as email addresses that can be used for contact before, and
after, a disaster. Let your family members know what your plans are (staying put, evacuating, where to, etc.) in advance of a
storm, and contact them asap afterward. It will most likely be easier for you to contact them, than for them to try and
contact you. Consider setting up a Yahoo! Groups mailing list for your family members and close friends, so that one message
to a list will be distributed widely to all who have a need to know. A single mailing list address is easier to remember than
a list of dozens.
- First aid kit, including pre-moistened antibacterial wipes. Be sure to stock any special emergency medication that may be
needed, i.e. for bee-sting allergies, etc.
- Sufficient amounts of any prescription medicine (your local pharmacy may be closed and/or you may not be able to travel
- Insect repellent (especially in areas where mosquitoes are a problem)
- Leather-palmed work gloves for handling tree limbs or moving other rough/dangerous objects
- Bottled water for everyone in your household (enough for at least 7 days to use for drinking, cooking, pets and personal
- Liquid bleach (plain, not scented) for treating water to make it potable
- Keep tabs on "boil water" alerts on TV/radio - they can change on a daily basis and may apply even after you regain power
/electricity. Don't assume that because you have running water that it is potable. Unbeknownst to you, water mains may break
and water supplies can become contaminated by sewage backups and flooding conditions after storms.
- Paper cups and plates and plastic utensils, manual can opener
- Food (e.g., dry cereal, canned meat/fruit, peanut butter, crackers, bread - anything that won't spoil quickly if not
- Charcoal, lighter fluid, matches/lighter and BBQ grill (or propane gas grill with plenty of propane) for cooking
- Phone numbers of emergency providers in your area (e.g., fire department, police, FEMA, hospital, etc.), family/friends to
call for assistance, the electric company power outage hotline, and claims phone number for your insurance company (auto,
- Cash (if there is a power outage and you rely on ATMs or banks being open you will be out of luck)
- If you have children, gather games, cards, puzzles or other items to keep them occupied
- If you have an infant, be sure you have sufficient diapers, formula, and other supplies as appropriate
- If you or someone in your family is elderly/disabled/handicapped, ensure that you have someone to help you in case you
/they cannot leave your home. Also make sure you have all of the necessary medical supplies you/they might need for an
extended period of time. If you/they are dependent on a dialysis machine or other life-sustaining equipment or treatment,
devise a plan to relocate to an appropriate medical facility as soon as possible. If you have a friend, neighbor or relative
nearby, you may want to keep in contact with him/her on a regular basis.
- Do your laundry if possible and you won't have to worry about having clean clothes to wear Related Links:
- The Disaster Handbook (PDF) - University of Florida
- Disaster Preparedness for Elders (PDF) - Department of Elder Affairs, State of Florida
- FEMA for Kids - Federal Emergency Management Agency
- FEMA Independent Study Program:
- IS-10 Animals in Disaster, Module A: Awareness and Preparedness
- IS-11 Animals in Disaster, Module B: Community Planning
- IS-22 Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness
FOR YOUR HOME
PLANNING BEFORE A DISASTER STRIKES:
- Take photographs/video of the interior and exterior of your house and of any valuable items (e.g., antiques, heirlooms,
collectibles) in case anything gets damaged/destroyed and keep them with your important documents (in a waterproof container).
- Fill up your vehicles with gas before hand if possible (if the power outage is extended, local gas stations will likely be
closed and you may need to drive somewhere)
- Use large plastic heavy duty garbage bags to cover/enclose items that you don't want to get wet in case of flooding or in
case of roof leaks, blown-in windows, etc.
- Have a sufficient quantity of fresh batteries to keep all battery-operated equipment running for at least 7 days. Do not
rely on rechargable batteries as you may not have electricty required to charge them.
- Flashlights (one per person)
- Battery-operated radio
- Battery-operated lamps (find in camping sections of stores). If you must use candles or gas/oil-powered lanterns, be
careful to extinguish them thoroughly if you leave the house or go to sleep and ensure they are not placed in an area that
would catch on fire if the candle accidentally tipped over--place anything with a flame away from combustible materials
(drapes, rugs, tablecloths, bedspreads)
- Battery-operated fans (find in camping sections of stores)
- Battery-operated TV (a lot of information is disseminated via TV news stations)
- A set of rabbit ears for a portable TV, in case the cable goes out. You should still be able to receive basic local
- Regular plug-in-the-wall phone (not cordless or any type that requires an electrical cord for operation--you may have
phone service but you need a regular no frills phone that doesn't require electricity)
- Get sandbags from your local community emergency management office. Find out whether sand bags are available if a storm
may include flooding
- Reinforce your windows if expecting a storm with high winds. Use strips of tape across the panes in case the window blows
in. Ideally, putting plywood or closing the shutters on your windows from the outside is the best option to follow.
- Remove items in your yard/outside, i.e. garden furniture, garbage containers, etc. that may become airborne in strong
winds and store them in a shed/garage or secure them in some other fashion.
- Turn all major household applicances off, except the refrigerator and freezer.
- Related Links:
- Casualty, Disaster and Theft Loss Workbook for Personal Property (PDF) - Internal Revenue Service
WHAT YOU MAY NEED AFTER A DISASTER:
- At least 2 very large coolers (clean) filled with ice (do not wait until after the power goes out to try and find ice at a
store). Use one cooler to store food to keep it from spoiling and the other for beverages. Melted ice can be used as a water
- Disposable flash camera, or digital camera (and batteries!) to take photos of any damage to your home or vehicles for
- Pen and paper
- Cell phone (charge beforehand and buy a charger for your car in case of extended power outage. Note that if cell towers
are down after the storm, your cell phone may be useless)
- Gasoline and large gas can(s) with gas in case you use a generator. Place the generator outdoors--not in a garage or
anywhere inside your home. Carbon monoxide exhaust fumes have killed people who foolishly placed generators inside their
garage/home. If you place the generator outside but near a window to the house, ensure that the exhaust is pointed away from
any windows or doorways. Ensure that any electrical extension cords you use for the generator are intact and the appropriate
type for the voltage.
- Tools: chainsaw, prune saw, axe/hatchet for cutting down any trees or limbs, spade or shovel, etc.
- If you lose power, try to keep your home as ventilated as possible. Mold can a big problem after a hurricane or flood and
thrives in conditions where it is damp, dark, and there is no circulation. Check this website for information about mold:
- Turn the main switches in the circuit-breaker box to the "off" position until you know electricity has been restored or
at least make sure household appliances are turned off. Some people may not remember if their stoves, irons or other
appliances were on at the time they lost power. When electricity is restored at random times, no one may be at home when power
is restored and appliances left in the "on" position could contribute to a household fire.
- REMEMBER: if your power is out, it is likely that stores, pharmacies, banks, restaurants, gas stations, hospitals, and
other businesses in your area also have no power or are inaccessible. If there are any open at all, there will be limited
supplies and it will be a first come-first serve, long line scenario. Do not assume that you will be able to get supplies
once electricity has been lost.
- Keep receipts for restoration activities, repair, etc. after a hurricane. If you are eligible for financial assistance
after a hurricane, FEMA may require this information.
- If you suffer damage to your home (roof, tree uprooting, etc.), beware of anyone knocking on your door offering to help
you with removal and repair. Be certain that anyone making repairs on your home is licensed, bonded, and insured! Do not pay
anyone for work until it is complete. Find out if permits have to be obtained for work performed on your home. When in doubt,
contact your local city/county government offices for guidance.
- Do not put yourself in danger by trying to conduct your own repairs. People have been crushed by limbs/trees, fallen off
of roofs, and been electrocuted by climbing power poles in trying to repair their own homes' storm damage.
PLANNING AHEAD COULD SAVE YOUR LIFE AND THAT OF YOUR PET!